EBD 2020
Your official city guide to Bydgoszcz
#visitbydgoszcz
Bydgoszcz Canal

Description

This is a monumental, hydrotechnical
project begun in the days
of the Kingdom of Poland,
prepared in detail and
implemented right after the
first partition of Poland, in the
years 1773-1774, during the
reign of Frederick II, the ruler
of Prussia.
The 26.77-km-long
Bydgoszcz Canal was
constructed within 18
months by nearly 10,000
workers, at a cost of nearly
2,000 lives. It connected
the cities of Bydgoszcz and
Nakło nad Notecią, but most
importantly the basins of the
Vistula and Odra rivers, i.e. their tributaries. It
was in such a way that the inland waterway,
planned since the 16th century and very
important economically, was constructed.
It became competitive with the sea route
via Gdańsk. and since its opening, the canal
was systematically modernized and repaired.
It played a tangible role in water transport, among others the majority of timber from
Russia and the Congress Kingdom of Poland
were floated along the canal to the German
Empire. The canal facilitated development
of trade and industry, especially timber,
machine-building and furniture industries.
At the turn of the 20th century, the canal was
operated by almost 3,000 rafters working
for the largest carrier - Lloyd of Bydgoszcz.
Beginning in the 1840’s, the canal within
the city limits and suburban areas had an
influence on a flourishing social life, connected
with restaurant and entertainment complexes established in its neighborhood.
In the immediate vicinity of the Old
Town, opposite the Opera Nova building,
we begin a walk around the Park on the
Old Canal. Here, on the northern side of the
Solidarności [Solidarity] Bridges, in Karola
Marcinkowskiego Street, we see the Municipal
Lock (the current one from the years 1908- 1912) and building no. 2 the home of the Royal
Inspection of the Water Works. Continuing to
the west, we cross Marszałka Focha Street and
via Grunwaldzkie Roundabout, constructed
at the cost of a filled in canal bed, all the
way to Nakielska Street. In the area of the
classicist building at 25 Marszałka Focha
Street (a residence of the Regency presidents
in Bydgoszcz during the years 1836-1920),
there was lock no. 2, and continuing further,
opposite the present-day Group of Schools of
Mechanical Engineering at 37 Świętej Trójcy
Street, a stone bridge connecting the banks
of the canal. Black poplars growing by the
exit to the cinema echo the past of the filled
up canal. A bit further, the Old Bydgoszcz
Canal, closed for navigation, begins. The
Planty Park with beautiful specimens of
old trees – black poplars, horse chestnuts, oaks, elms, beeches, and hydrophilous black
alders - extends along the canal. Here, the
oldest necropolis of Bydgoszcz – Starofarny
Cemetery established in 1806 – neighbors the
area on the canal. Next, in the area of lock no.
4, the canal is crossed by Wrocławska Street,
where grand buildings once home to elegant
restaurants with ballrooms and concert halls
have been preserved. Near this lock, the most
beautiful part of the canal promenade begins,
with a pair of floating fountains and a swan
island, followed by lock no. 5 and another lock
in Bronikowskiego Street. After this lock the
navigable canal starts, which takes us to the
River Noteć (E-70 waterway), or through the
Czyżkówko Lock along the Brda River towards
the Koronowo Reservoir, or in the opposite
direction towards the River Vistula.
do góry

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