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EBD 2020
Oficjalna strona turystyczna Bydgoszczy
  • In the Town of Bydgost.

    In the town of Bydgost

    The settling activity in the surroundings of Bydgoszcz is confirmed with the existence of numerous fortified settlements. Besides the one located in the centre of Bydgoszcz, some were also located in Fordon (Wyszogród), Myślęcinek (Zamczysko), as well as in other more or less distant places: e.g. in Pawłówek, Nakło on the Netze River, Więcbork, Strzelce Dolne and Pień. In many of them, in the 1950’s and 1960’s excavation works were conducted by the staff of the District Museum in Bydgoszcz.

    In the town of BydgostHowever, excavations that were particularly significant for these issues were the ones carried out in the 1990’s and in 2007 by the Regional Institute for Protection of Historic and Cultural Monuments, Department in Bydgoszcz, and the Institute of Archeology at the University of Nicolaus Copernicus in Toruń, in the area where the settlement of Bydgoszcz was presumed to have been located. Although the works covered only a small part of its area, still they provided extremely valuable information, thanks to which we can precisely reconstruct the beginnings of the settlement together with its possible appearance, and, also through the prism of the discovered artifacts of material culture, we can find out a lot about the lives of its inhabitants. Based on the historic material obtained through excavation works in the said places, it was possible to arrange an exhibition portraying the mysteries of lives of medieval inhabitants of Bydgoszcz and its surroundings, titled “In the Town of Bydgost” referring to its legendary founder. Chronological frames of the exhibition are determined with date indicators of the presented items, i.e. from the 7th to the mid 14th c. Graphic arrangements and numerous reconstructions managed to achieve the atmosphere of those times, whereas the implementation of modern media, allows visitors for active participation in the exhibition. The prepared multimedia presentations make it easier to become familiarized with the place’s history and early medieval settlements in the surroundings of Bydgoszcz. At the same time, we learn about research stations where excavation works were carried out. Moreover, we may watch a multimedia presentation on medieval military history, combined with an interactive dictionary of medieval armament and a multimedia animation showing invasion of Wyszogród by Bolesław Wrymouth. It was prepared based on the description found in the Chronicle of Gallus Anonymus. It is also possible to watch a film concerned with everyday life in the period of the early Middle Ages. The arrangement was inspired with the actual layout of the town. Its upper part, were the royal clerk and knights were located, we can see the representation of the issues related to the trade and army, as well as those of everyday life, including a reconstruction of an interior of an early medieval hut. Visualization of the lower town, inhabited by menial people and craftsmen, provides a reconstruction of the way of obtaining food and some selected types of craft. Both the parts of the town are divided with a partial reconstruction of the upper floor of the rampart. Under the wall, on the other hand, we can see wooden elements of fortifications recovered from the ground during excavation works that were conserved in the Documentation and Conservation Laboratory of the Institute of Archeology at the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. The sphere related to religious beliefs was only slightly accentuated with the reference to the oldest grave in the cemetery by the church of St. Giles. In order to preserve the atmosphere of a medieval town, the authors decided not to use any traditional legends and charts. All the information was placed in digital frames where it is possible to find descriptions of many aspects of the medieval reality, as well as results of researches conducted by scientists of various specialties. In each part of the exhibition, the visitors are accompanied with sound effects related to particular subject matters.

    The history of the town of Bydgoszcz and its significance at the times of the beginnings of the Polish state, was shortly presented on an introduction chart. However, the answer to the question of where the town was located and what it supposedly looked like we will find in the presentation titled Here, where Bydgoszcz was born. On the other hand, we can learn about the lives and occupations of the inhabitants of this town on the Brda River, and other early medieval places in its surroundings, from the recovered material remains after our ancestors. The exhibition presents various tools, decorations, arms, articles of everyday use, etc., that help to become familiarized with different aspects of the life in the town, as well as in the borough.

    The narration of the exhibition begins with issues concerned with obtaining food and selected types of craftsmanship. The then people worked in the field, bred animals, hunted, fished, picked fruit and forest produce. Farming and animal breeding (practically self-supporting) required great deal of work and was related to the constant fight with the omnipresent wilderness, and grabbing piece by piece of the land in order to transform it into farmland. Also the activities connected with the production of clothes, equipment and objects of everyday use were carried out by using one’s own means. Each family was able to satisfy its needs. However, there was also a sufficient number of craftsmen dealing with particular works. It was possible to purchase from them a better quality products. This is clearly visible in the example of pottery. Initially, a part of clay dishes used within a household were made individually, by hand. However, the constant demand for this indispensable and fragile product led to its broader production. In order to differentiate the products from various workshops, potters impressed special marks on the bottoms of their dishes. The most commonly discovered objects related to farming include whetstones used for sharpening knives and other iron tools; whereas, among historic items related to animal breeding we often find ceratoid sidescrapers for combing out animals, though they where also a part of the equipment used by horsemen. The finds of iron hooks confirm that it was common to fish with the use of a fishing rod. It is also possible that fishing nets were also in use, which is indicated by the discovered fishing weighs made from various materials. The objects of common use, both for transportation purposes and for fishing, were dugout boats (from hollowed single tree trunks), like the one presented at the exhibition. It is dated for the end of the 13th c., and was found in Mątwy, near Inowrocław, in the Netze River. Hunting provided meat, leather, fur, as well as raw materials in the form of horns and bones, which were used in the production of ice skates, cobs, awls, needles, needlers, knife handles or helves of other tools, and various kinds of lining. It is worth noticing that among bone products, the ones prevailing in the exhibition are the ice skates discovered mainly in the course of excavation works conducted in the town. At that time, they were made from bovine tibia, ribs, horns, in which holes were drilled, and that were fastened to feet with leather straps. While skating, people would help themselves with long sticks with sharpened endings. A vast majority of skates discovered in the Bydgoszcz settlement proves that already in the Middle Ages, our ancestors were particularly related to the Brda River. The progress in handicraft production was closely related to the development in trade exchange. Fairs were held at specified times, where, apart from handicraft products people would sell agricultural and forest produce, cattle and horses. Sometimes the fairs were visited by foreign merchants offering the local population many attractive goods: ornaments, at times made of gold, dishes made of glass, objects of everyday use made from the raw materials that were non-existent in our lands, e.g. spans made from Volynia slate. Favourable location of the Bydgoszcz settlement by the passage over the Brda and by the route joining Kuyavia and Pomerania, caused it to become an important trade centre; however, no coins were found in the course of excavation works, and only an insignificant number of luxury goods (single ornaments). Still, a high concentration of silver treasures located in the area of the present Bydgoszcz and its immediate proximity, confirms the diversity of trade contacts. Those deposits are usually made up from pieces of silver coins (usually Arabic) and ornaments (like e.g. the one discovered in Strzelce Dolne), that is why we called them “chopped treasures.” The presence of Arabic coins indicates that the lands were penetrated by Jewish and Arabic merchants and constitutes a proof for the functioning of a trade route from Middle Asia to the Polish lands. Lumps of amber and some semi-finished amber products obtained during excavations works in the Bydgoszcz settlement point to contacts with the Baltic coast. The constructions of the settlement comprised of huts of wattle-and-daub or frame wall structures, erected at the external periphery of the square, at the ramparts. The exhibition presents a partial appearance of a hut. Under the corner stone of a hut, a sacrifice was made to ensure durability of the household and prosperity of its inhabitants. Visitors may also see an interior of a household where clothes and valuable objects were stored in wooden chests, sometimes richly ornamented, with metal fittings. Benches or pallets – shallow troughs put upright against the wall during the day constituted places to sleep. In each house – on the floors, benches, stools and chairs there were many leather coverlets. In the living chamber, there was always room for clothes, ornaments and tools. The common clothes were made of linen or wool. Men wore trousers and shirts complimented with a coat thrown at their shoulders. Women, on the other hand, wore long dresses or skirts – aprons and shirts, and also coats. Due to the durability of the material they were made from, the most common remnants of clothes are their metal parts and ornaments made from precious metals, bronze, iron and glass. The most popular Slavic ornaments were temple rings, small metal rings put on headbands or bonnets. Besides that, women often wore earrings, rings, bracelets, necklaces and beads made from various raw materials. Undoubtedly, other ornaments of Slavic origin are also the so-called kaptorgas – various kinds of small sacks or boxes worn on the neck, made from different materials depending on the wealth of their owners, from wool to silver. Within households we discover such objects as: animal figures, musical instruments (whistles, pipes), dices and astragals – bones of cattle, sheep, goats or pigs used for entertainment (games) but also believed to have some magical functions. The settlement also had a troop of mounted and infantry warriors. The rich assortment of militaria (swords, spearheads, axes, arrowheadand bolts) found in the surrounding areas of Bydgoszcz confirms the hypothesis that the settlements existing in that place initially protected the area of the borderline of the state created by Mieszko I in Pomerania and Great Poland, and then constituted strategic points for the maintenance of newly conquered settlements. The military forces of the first Piasts also included some foreign warriors (mostly Norman). These assumptions are confirmed with the findings of warrior graves containing some Scandinavian-type armament dated on the 10th/11th c. in which warriors were buried according to the Norman burial rite, e.g. in Pień, Dąbrowa Chełmińska commune. The presence of Norman warriors is also confirmed with some loose finds of militaria of Scandinavian origin. Among them, we should point to a sword with richly ornamented hilt found in Lutowo, Sępólno Krajeńskie commune. It represents a type “S” sword, according to Petersen’s classification, and is dated on the 10th c. Also in the 11th c. this was the area of Polish-Pomeranian borderline, which caused it to be the place of mutual invasions. Only the expedition of Bolesław Wrymouth to Pomerania in the first half of the 12th c., that was noted in the Chronicle by Gallus Anonymus, brought Bydgoszcz and the surrounding settlements back into the orbit of the Polish state. A sword presented at the exhibition, located near the Wyszogród settlement, comes from that period and is today a silent witness of those events. What also draws the attention at the exhibition, is a sword discovered in the course of works conducted in the Bydgoszcz settlement. An X-ray analysis revealed an inscription that at a current research stage is impossible to fully reconstruct. Due to the fact that the work of blacksmiths was associated with the risk of fire, forges were usually located outside the ramparts. That is why we end the visit at the exhibition by admiring metallurgic products (chisels, drills, keys, nails, chains, staples).

    The exhibition In the town of Bydgost opens a thematic cycle devoted to the earliest history of Bydgoszcz and its surroundings. This is a permanent exhibition; however, not a static one. It is constantly complimented with archeological findings and research results, and updated with the use of modern multimedia techniques.

    Author: Józef Łoś, Jolanta Szałkowska-Łoś
    Location of the exhibition: Archaeological Collections – 2 Mennica Street on the Mill Island
    Permanent exhibition
  • Bydgoszcz and its environs since the dawn of time.

    The exhibition “In the borderland between Wielkopolska and Pomerania” is a permanent exhibition, showing the earliest history of our region, from the beginning of settlement until the period of migration of the nations. No city, area or country has a history that runs its course independently. It has always been part of events of a broader range. Due to the fact that Bydgoszcz and its environs are located in the meeting point of two large geographical regions – Wielkopolska and Pomerania – we will strive to show prehistory of this area in detailed chronology.

     

    Archaeological CollectionsPresented artifacts will be coming from the regions of Krajna, Kuyavia and Pałuki, and the majority of them are in the collection of the Leon Wyczółkowski Regional Museum in Bydgoszcz. Due to the fact that the main – and for the oldest epochs, the only – source of information for learning the past is material heritage, we will show changes taking place in human life through presentation of various tools, decorations, weaponry, and everyday articles. It will allow us to trace back technological transitions (raw material and production method) and evolution of human thought, which gradually aimed at taming the environment and improvement of quality of life. We will also present impact of European nations on these areas, which accomplishments had influence on the change of cultural and political image of Europe, such as the Celts and Germanic peoples. Their presence is also recorded in the neighboring areas; thus, we can confirm that the history of this region intertwined with European civilization already in the ancient times. Artifacts and numerous reconstructions will be presented over various epochs and prehistoric periods; in justified cases, we will introduce the strictly archeological term “culture.” Several key exhibits will be presented for every period, around which the remaining parts of the exhibition will be organized, showing the most important aspects of a given epoch. In order to go on this “unique time travel,” the organizers plan to install modern forms of media, allowing the visitor to actively participate in touring the exhibition and broaden knowledge in any field of interest. Through various forms of modern expression, such as multimedia presentations on many topics, film, virtual walk and computer animations, we will be able to provide to visitors comfort in acceptance of messages and create an opportunity for active participation in a visit. Interesting visual arrangement, using the paratheatrical concept, featuring a range of materials, reminding the ones used in ancient times such as wood, stone and a number of reconstructions (e.g. shelter, stone circle, cist grave) will recreate the atmosphere of that times, impacting the senses of visitors. Modern, electronic multimedia will be used for this purpose as well, such as cameras, projectors, multimedia kiosks, and interactive floor. They will be used in a virtual dressing room, magic spring, virtual sandbox – excavation, and time machine. In addition, a direct contact with a real artifact will be possible as well. By making replicas of a weaving workshop, prehistoric drilling machine, quern-stone, there will be an opportunity for interaction with objects, which is most often used by students and families with children, noticed in our activity to date. It will be possible to use and touch the old equipment, which is particularly important for the blind and vision impaired, offered to a certain extent in our exhibition. In order to preserve the atmosphere of the ancient times, we plan to not use the traditional captions and charts. This information will be placed on digital frames, which will not disturb the created atmosphere. In addition, frames can be provided with sound according to presented topics and extended captions related to a given subject, making them irreplaceable, interactive exhibition guides. Our intention is to create an exhibition, in which centuries-old archeological artifacts, provided with narration, will be “revived” by modern multimedia. Through the forms mentioned above, we will try to bring closer the atmosphere of those times and shape, through visual media, a new way of reception of archeological heritage.

    Author: Józef Łoś, Jolanta Szałkowska-Łoś
    Location of the exhibition: Archaeological Collections – 2 Mennica Street on the Mill Island
    Permanent exhibition
  • Modern Art Gallery

    Modern Art Gallery presents selected and most representatives works from the collections of the Bydgoszcz museum. The gallery comprises of 200 paintings, photographs, sculptures, objects and installations, selected from the collection of nearly thirteen thousand items of artistic realizations of the 20th c. The exhibition is of a chronological–thematic structure: it shortly presents particular artistic trends and tendencies in the Polish art of the last one hundred years, and, at the same time, it introduces various artistic centres of Poland.

     

    Modern Art GalleryWhile documenting the activity of artists related with Bydgoszcz and its region, the museum managed to gather a vast collection of their works; the exhibition also aims to indicate the contribution of particular artists in the general Polish artistic life.

    The end of the 19th c. introduced to the art theory a new artistic posture. The deepened reflection on the works’ forms and contents, combined with experimental use of new techniques had an impact on the development of modern art. The concepts of impressionism or symbolism that emerged at that time, are signalled with the works of Olga Boznańska, Józef Pankiewicz, Jacek Malczewski, Jana Stanisławski and Leon Wyczółkowski.

    The interwar period is characterised by pluralism of artistic concepts worked out by the newly established artistic groups assembling artists of similar aesthetic views. The avant-garde manifestos of the West-European art were combined with the artists’ own artistic experiments. The exhibition presents the works of the representatives of the most distinguishing artistic groups, including: “Polish Expressionists” (Leon Chwistek, Tytus Czyżewski, Tymon Niesiołowski, Wacław Wąsowicz, Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, Romuald Kamil Witkowski), “Rhythm” (Wacław Borowski, Ludomir Sleńdziński, Zofia Stryjeńska), “St. Luke’s Fraternity” (Bolesław Cybis). The exhibition also emphasizes the contribution of Polish artists in the development of the international artistic environment of Paris (“École de Paris”) and the European art of the first half of the 20th c. – Tadeusz Makowski, Mela Muter, Jan Rubczak and Eugeniusz Zak.


    Author: Inga Kopciewicz, Studio 1:1 Jarosław Szymański Gdańsk
    Location of the exhibition: Modern Art Gallery – 8a Mennica Street on the Mill Island
    Permanent exhibition


    One of the most important artistic tendencies in the Polish painting of the 20th c. is colourism. The issue of colour intrigued the artists assem bled in such artistic associations as “Unicorn”, “Prism” or “Keystone”, with which Emil Krcha and Zbigniew Pronaszko were related. However, the artists that had the largest influence on the development of colourism were the artists of “Parisian Committee”, including Jan Cybis, Hanna Rudzka-Cybisowa, Józef Czapski, Artur Nacht-Samborski, Piotr Potworowski. They would transplant the ideas of colourist discipline into the Polish environment, more and more often withdrawing from figuration. After 1945, colourists took over most of the faculties in the Polish artistic academies, passing their experiences on to the next generations of artists.

    Modern Art Gallery | Bydgoszcz | ©Tymon MarkowskiThe young generation of artists of the period following the war, was critical about the colourism aesthetics that was more and more often identified with academism. Artists were searching for new means of expression and demanded the involvement of art in the current affairs and social-political changes. At the same time, particular Polish artistic environments began to emerge. The exhibition portrays the activity of the key Polish art centres.

    In Cracow, the group that was particularly distinguishable was “The Group of Young Artists” formed already in the 1940’s, later transformed into “The II Cracovian Group” – the continuator of traditions of the prewar group; the artists belonging to the group included Maria Jarema, Tadeusz Kantor, Kazimierz Mikulski, Jerzy Nowosielski, Erna Rosenstein and Jonasz Stern. The “modern” artists were looking for a contemporary artistic language – a means of communication combining the tradition worked out by constructivists with the elements of surrealism and metaphor. The city of Cracow also played the host to The First Exhibition of Modern Arts (December 1948 – January 1949) presenting the works of Marek Włodarski, Andrzej Wróblewski and Henryk Stażewski. The exhibition was the last review of free art before the imposition of the socialist realism as the only right artistic method in 1949.

    In 1947, in Warsaw, at the initiative of Marian Bogusz, “The Club of Young Artists and Researchers” began its activity. The goals set by the artists assembled in the club (such as Maria Ewa Łunkiewicz-Rogoyska, Kajetan Sosnowski) emphasised the necessity of voicing an objection towards socialist realism and colourism, as well as the need for conducting formal experiments with a concurrent aim of creating art reacting to social and political changes in Poland. A unique event was The All- Polish Exhibition of Young Artists Against War – Agaist Fascism held at the Arsenal in 1955, organized within the World Festival of Youth and Students. The exhibition came to be known as the first manifestation of rebellion against the imposed socialist realism doctrine, and proved to be one of the first signs of the “thaw”. Bold deformations, brutal realism, expression and synthesis of the presented works in combination with the existential problematique became a breakthrough phenomenon in the Polish post-war art. The artists participating in the Arsenal included Stefan Gierowski, Jacek Sienicki and Barbara Jonscher, whose Don Kichot was a manifestation of a reborn moral posture. The “Arsenalists” met with a certain disapproval of “Group 55”, a continuator of the thought of Marian Bogusz, Zbigniew Dłubak and Kajetan Sosnowski, since the artists gathered around the “Uneven Circle Gallery” popularizing the most prominent achievements of modern art, aimed, first of all, at the perfection of the language of artistic metaphor.


    visit also -->> Mill Island


    The artistic environment of Tricity was enlivened with the activity of the so-called Sopot school, with its key artists: Juliusz Studnicki, Krystyna Łada-Studnicka, Kazimierz Śramkiewicz, Józefa Wnukowa and Jacek Żuławski. The Gdańsk sculpture is represented at the exhibition with the works of Stanisław Horno-Popławski, an author of poetic works, mostly realized in stone. The artist related with the Coast and with Poznań, was Stanisław Teisseyre; Wrocław is represented by Eugeniusz Geppert.

    Since late 1950’s, a tendency visible among the artists involved taking up the issues of widely understood expressive abstraction accentuating the values of colour and matter. The works presented at the exhibition, based on the texturality of compositions and collage, allow to appreciate the richness of artistic values and concepts of particular authors: Alfred Lenica, Erna Rosenstein, Tadeusz Brzozowski, Jerzy Tchórzewski, Tadeusz Kantor and Jonasz Stern. The language of calligraphic signs, saturated with elements of symbolism is present in the works of Stanisław Fijałkowski, Teresa Tyszkiewicz and Jan Tarasin. A special place in the collection is taken by the artists presenting the painting of the matter: Tadeusz Kantor, Aleksander Kobzdej, Jadwiga Maziarska, Wanda Paklikowska-Winnicka, Teresa Rudowicz, Zbigniew Tymoszewski and Danuta and Witold Urbanowicz.

    Abstraction also is the starting point for considerations purely concerned with painting and the relations between colour, light and space. Such a view was present in the works of Aleksandra Jachtoma and Janusz Eysymont, artists making their debuts in the 1960’s in the Warsaw group “Reconnaissance”. Similar beliefs are followed by Stefan Gierowski, whose artistic route is presented by an auteur collection of his works of the Bydgoszcz museum.

    A large group of works of the Gallery are the works of artists using the language of geometric abstraction. This trend, referring to the accomplishments of constructivism of the 1920’s and 1930’s, resulted from the need for expressing universal truths: common ideas, concepts not related to any visual reality, naming of which was difficult or even impossible. This posture is often accompanied with a conceptual reflection – since the method, the system of constructing a painting, and the arrangement of geometric forms according to a specified code are equally important. The examples of following of such an artistic thought are the works of Henryk Stażewski, Jerzy Grabowski, Jerzy Kałucki, Jerzy Rosołowicz, Jan Pamuła, Ryszard Winiarski, Jan Chwałczyk, Jan Ziemski, Adam Marczyński, Zbigniew Gostomski and Edward Krasiński.

    A crisis of abstract painting, noticeable in the 1960’s, directed the artists’ attention towards the art of presentation rendering humanistic values in a more direct way. This concept was typical of „The Group of Realist Painters” including Kiejstut Bereźnicki, Janusz Kaczmarski and Benon Liberski. The Western-European trend of the so-called new figuration was

    initiated in Poland with the activity of the artists from the “Wprost” group (trans. outright): Maciej Bieniasz, Zbylut Grzywacz, Leszek Sobocki and Jacek Waltoś; enagaged in reflections on human existence and commentating on the current phenomena relating to the customary, social and political spheres. The works also inscribed in that trend were the works referring to the “art brut” stylistics of Eugeniusz Markowski, a painter of human loneliness – Marek Żuławski, as well as Andrzej Nowacki and Teresa Pągowska. The “journalistic” character of works was the domain of artists particularly active in the 1980’s, the period of extreme significance in the Polish history: Andrzej Bielawski, Edward Dwurnik, Ryszard Gieryszewski, Janusz Przybylski, Jerzy Puciata, Jacek Rykała, Jacek Sempoliński and Wiesław Szamborski. At the same time, the trend of the so-called “new wild artists” emerged, who used expression and colour, and often grotesque and wit to comment on the existing reality. The group that is particularly distinguishable within this trend is the so-called “Gruppa” – Ryszard Grzyb, Paweł Kowalewski, Jarosław Modzelewski, Włodzimierz Pawlak, Marek Sobczyk and Ryszard Woźniak, as well as a painter and a graphic artist from Cracow – Jacek Sroka. The new expression was also applied in the works of Tadeusz Sobkowiak and in early realizations of Grzegorz Klaman. The realistic trend is inscribed in the circle of surrealist- metaphoric painting with the works of Anna Güntner, Jerzy Krawczyk, Jan Lebenstein, Bronisław Wojciech Linke, Kazimierz Mikulski, Zbigniew Makowski or Henryk Waniek, filled with fantasy and magical realism. Realism filled with spirituality and mysticism, on the other hand, decorative in its form, is found in the works of Zbysław Marek Maciejewski, Łukasz Korolkiewicz and Grzegorz Stachańczyk. The artists faithful to undistorted reality were the photorealists: Miłosz Benedyktowicz, Andrzej Maciej Łubowski and Andrzej Sadowski. The real world was also the starting point for the simplification of forms and search for pure solutions in painting, which is seen on the examples of works by Tomasz Ciecierski, Leon Tarasewicz or Tomasz Tatarczyk.

    The features of figuration may easily be found in the works of sculptors. The exhibition presents the works of Adam Myjak, and of Bydgoszcz artists – Aleksander Dętkoś and Michał Kubiak.

    The works of Władysław Hasior are characterised by unique poetics. His assamblages are the evidence of the author’s finding of his own artistic route operating with folk, religious and national symbolism. The presented collection of realizations with the use of the camera reflects the richness of techniques and diversity of artistic approaches of Natalia LL, Andrzej Lachowicz, Józef Robakowski, Sławomir Brzoska and Tomasz Dobiszewski.

    The Bydgoszcz Museum also provides a documentation of other artistic realizations with the use of the new media, the possibilities of which are zealously explored by the artists creating the newest tendencies in the Polish art. An illustration of this are the presented works of Izabella Gustowska. The exhibition provided a special place for the artistic realizations of Zofia Kulik, Zbigniew Libera and Jerzy Truszkowski, the examples of the so-called critical art – a trend that emerged after 1989, within which the artists provided their reflections on the issue of physicality and its entanglement in the context of power and culture.

    The Bydgoszcz collection of art is a collection that remains open to new artistic concepts, critical reflections and gathering of the works of artists who by their active approach not only shaped the Polish art, but also became a part of the artistic tendencies of the world. Thus the Modern Art Gallery, despite its permanent character, allows for introducing modifications and complimenting it with the current works of artists.

    Location of the exhibition: Modern Art Gallery – 8a Mennica Street on the Mill Island Permanent exhibition

  • From Old Market Square to Wolności Square

    From Old Market Square to Wolności Square.

    The purpose of the exhibition "From Old Market Square to Wolności Square. Walking the streets of interwar Bydgoszcz" is an interactive presentation of the interwar , multicultural city of Bydgoszcz and its historical origins. The displayed topics refer to the cultural heritage, economy, as well as the complexity and diversity of processes and phenomena, which supported development of the city on Brda River along with dynasmics of change taking place in it. The city has been presented as a spatial and social organism, functioning in a concrete time period.

  • Bydgoszcz – the pieces of the city

    Bydgoszcz – the pieces of the city

    The photography exhibition “Bydgoszcz – the pieces of the city” is presented in granaries at Grodzka Street. It takes viewers back to the times very distant from modern era. Inventing of photography, that took place in the 19th c., at the beginning of the technical and civilizational revolution, turned out to be as significant as inventing of the steam engine. Here, the man received a tool allowing him to stop the time. The reality that existed objectively at one moment could be preserved and shown to the next generations.

  • Conference organizers

  • Statistics

    The report "Przemysł spotkań i wydarzeń w Polsce - Poland Meetings and Events Industry 2016" is a tool to prove an important role of the meetings industry in the development the Polish economy.

  • Incentive travels

  • PTTK REGIONAL DEPARTMENT "SZLAK BRDY"

    pttk

    PTTK REGIONAL DEPARTMENT "SZLAK BRDY" st. Sienkiewicz 1 85-037 Bydgoszcz Tel: +48 602 239 253

  • By plane

    The Ignacy Jan Paderewski International Airport is located only 3.5 km south of the exact centre of Bydgoszcz. One can get conveniently to the airport by the expressway S5 and the bus line no. 80, which connects the airport with bus and railway stations.

  • By train

    Main railway station in Bydgoszcz

    Each year, about 2 million passengers use the biggest railway station in the city – Bydgoszcz Główna.  Bydgoszcz has direct railway connections with the majority of big cities in Poland. The most frequent trains run to the Tri-City (Gdańsk-Sopot-Gdynia) (15 times a day) and to Warsaw (11 times).

  • By bus

    Old     From Bydgoszcz, one can get directly to Gdańsk, Warsaw, Poznań, Wrocław and Łódź. Ticket offices at the modernised PKS bus station in Jagiellońska Street are open on weekdays from 7.00 a.m. to 6.00 p.m., and at weekends from 10.30 a.m. to 6.00 p.m. After these hours, one can get a ticket from a bus driver.

  • By car

    Stylish old car in Bydoszcz, fot. R. Sawicki

    Two important roads run through Bydgoszcz: national 25 and national road no. 10. The first one assures convenient connection with Wrocław, Poznań, and the airport in Bydgoszcz. The other one links Bydgoszcz with Piła and Szczecin, and in the opposite direction – just like the national road no. 80 – with Toruń.

  • Getting here

  • The water equipement rentals

    Przystań Bydgoszcz, fot. R.Sawicki

    Below there is a list of where you can rent a kayak, water bike etc.

  • Taxi

    Bydgioszcz, fot. R. SawickiIn Bydgoszcz, one can find over 1,200 taxis. Over 90% of them are within corporations. Mostly, the start charge is PLN 7.00 plus PLN 2.20 per each kilometre during the day. An hour stopover costs PLN 25.00. In case of travelling by taxi beyond the city limits, one can negotiate the price with the driver.

  • Public transport

    Bydgoszcz | Public Transport

    Almost 500,000 passengers make use of public transport every day in Bydgoszcz. Moving around Bydgoszcz is facilitated by 35 bus lines, 8 tram lines and 2 water tram lines.

  • Moving around Bydgoszcz

  • Exploseum. D.A.G. Fabrik Bromberg

    ExploseumThe spatial character of the establishment resulted from aspiration to minimalise the explosion risk and effects. Several parts of the production process was divided into two separated small buildings. Technological links relied on underground tunnels. This was an example of production line. All of the buildings were situated on a different relief. Germans avoided build-up areas but the way out in every building was on different site. It was to prevent the chain reactions of destroying in case of explosion.

  • current exhibitions

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